The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 64.9% of the 72.2 million women aged 15–49 in the United States use some form of contraception [1]:

  • 18.6% choose female sterilization
  • 12.6% choose to take the oral contraceptive pill
  • 10.3% choose long-acting reversible contraceptives (such as IUDs and implants)
  • 8.7% choose to use the male condom

But, is taking birth control going to affect your ability to get pregnant if you decide you’d like to start a family? The good news is that there is no evidence that birth control can directly impact your fertility - though the type of birth control you decide to use may determine how long it takes for your fertility levels to get back to normal [2].

See also: What Causes Infertility In Women?


Types of birth control and their effects on fertility


Birth control is one of the most effective and popular ways to prevent pregnancy when you’re not ready to have a little one of your own. There are a number of contraceptive options to choose from - each of which will have a different impact on how long it takes for your fertility to return to normal.


Non-hormonal contraceptives


When you stop using non-hormonal contraceptives, your natural fertility levels should return to normal straight away [3].

Non-hormonal contraceptive methods include:

  • Condoms
  • Diaphragms
  • Copper coils

Hormonal contraceptives


Hormonal contraceptives work by changing the levels of hormones in your body. These are known to affect the length of time it takes for your fertility levels to return to normal but it’s important to remember that they will return to normal! [4]

Hormonal contraceptive methods include:

  • Oral contraceptive pill
  • Vaginal ring
  • Contraceptive patch
  • Mini-pill (or progesterone-only pill)
  • Intrauterine system (IUS)
  • Contraceptive implant
  • Contraceptive injection

See also: How Can You Promote Healthy Fertility?


One of the most reliable ways to know more about your current fertility status is with a fertility test. This can be done by taking a visit to your doctor or from home with an at-home fertility test.

LetsGetChecked’s range of Female Fertility Tests provides a broad picture of a woman’s hormonal health. This can provide you with an insight into your current fertility status with online results available in just 5 days. Dedicated medical support is available over-the-phone for guidance every step of the way.



References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Current Contraceptive Status Among Women Aged 15–49: United States, 2015–2017. Online: Cdc.gov, 2018
  2. HSE. Coming off contraception to get pregnant. Online: HSE.ie, 2019
  3. HSE. Coming off contraception to get pregnant. Online: HSE.ie, 2019
  4. HSE. Coming off contraception to get pregnant. Online: HSE.ie, 2019