Cardiovascular disease is a term that describes a group of disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels. According to the World Health Organization, they’re the number one cause of death globally [1].

Some of the main types of cardiovascular disease include:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Peripheral arterial disease

See also: 10 Simple Tips for a Healthy Heart

Types of Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular diseases are commonly occur when the blood flow to either the heart, brain or the body is reduced because of a build up of the fatty deposits in the arteries or a blood clot [2].

The main types of cardiovascular disease include the following:

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease occurs when your heart’s blood supply is blocked by a buildup of fatty materials in the coronary arteries. If this builds up, it can restrict the blood supply to your heart and cause chest pains.


A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a certain part of your brain becomes interrupted. This can prevent the brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients [3].

It’s important to remember that a stroke is a serious medical condition and must be treated like so - the earlier treatment is received, the less damage is likely to occur.

Peripheral arterial disease

Peripheral arterial disease is a common circulatory issue that occurs when there’s a blockage in the arteries to your limbs - usually your legs. One of the best ways to prevent this is by maintaining healthy lifestyle [4].

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  1. World Health Organization (WHO). Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Online:, 2017
  2. World Health Organization (WHO). Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Online:, 2017
  3. Mayo Clinic. Stroke. Online:, 2020
  4. Mayo Clinic. Peripheral artery disease (PAD). Online:, 2018