What is Cervical Cancer? Everything You Need To Know

What is cervical cancer. LetsGetChecked is here to provide you with everything you need to know. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow and spread. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women and the majority of cases are associated with human papilloma viruses (HPV) according to World Cancer Research.


What Is Cervical Cancer?

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is transmitted via sexual contact. HPV cells can be found on the the vagina, cervix, vulva, inner foreskin and the urethra of the penis.

There are different types of HPV virus and they don’t all cause cervical cancer. Some can cause genital warts and others cause asymptomatic infections. Most sexually active adults have come into contact with the HPV virus at some point in their lives. It is estimated that 1 in 2 people will contract the virus in their lifetime.

The time interval between getting the HPV infection and development of cervical cancer is approximately 15 years. If women undergo their routine smear test and test regularly for HPV infection, precancerous lesions can be easily detected and treated in their earliest stage, effectively preventing cancer.

What Are The Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer?

Abnormal cervical cells rarely present symptoms but in some cases, symptoms can include:

  • Irregular vaginal bleeds
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pain in the lower belly or pelvis
  • Pain during sex

If you experience any of the above symptoms, you need to get tested immediately. Early testing and diagnosis gives you the best chance of successful treatment.

What Is The Treatment For Cervical Cancer?

The treatment for cervical cancer includes a hysterectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation.

Smear tests check for abnormal bacterium before they develop into cancerous cells. Any woman who has been sexually active should get tested. Unfortunately, there is no accurate HPV test for men. The best way to avoid getting a sexually transmitted infection is to practice safe sex, by using condoms and having regular sexual health screenings.

Should You Get Tested For HPV?

It is recommended that if you are sexually active that you have HPV test done regularly. Recent research shows that HPV tests may be more effective than traditional pap smears. If you are concerned or curious about getting tested, you can visit www.letsgetchecked.com and talk to one of our nurses via our private messenger or purchase one of our at-home HPV tests.

What Is Cervical Cancer? Find Out With Dr. Dominic Rowley

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Written by Hannah Kingston | Approved by Medical Director Dominic Rowley