Hashimotos disease is an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your thyroid. The inflammation and damage which hashimotos disease can cause can often result in hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid); a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain crucial hormones [1].

See also: Thyroid Problems | The Signs And Solutions


Symptoms of hashimoto's disease


Hashimoto's disease typically progresses over a long period of time and more often than not, may show little to no noticeable symptoms [2].

If symptoms do occur, they are mainly ones which are associated with hypothyroidism, these include:

  • Fatigue and sluggishness
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Pale, dry skin
  • A puffy face
  • Brittle nails
  • Hair loss
  • Enlargement of the tongue
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness

See also: Hypothyroidism Symptoms Checklist: How To Spot An Under-active Thyroid


Risk factors of hashimotos disease


Doctor’s aren’t completely sure what causes your immune system to attack your thyroid gland but there are some risk factors associated with the disorder, these include:

  • Your sex (women are more likely to get Hashimoto's disease)
  • Older age
  • Family history of thyroid or other autoimmune diseases
  • Exposure to excessive levels of environmental radiation

The most reliable way to check your thyroid function is with a test - this can be done by taking a trip to your doctor’s office or from home with an at-home lab test.

LetsGetChecked’s range of at-home Thyroid Function Tests measure key hormones and can help identify the presence of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism and thyroid dysfunction or damage. Your online results will be available within 5 days and our medical team will be available to speak with you about the next steps you should take.



References

  1. NHS. Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Online: Nhs.uk, 2017
  2. Mayo Clinic. Hashimoto's disease. Online: Mayoclinic.org, 2020