Do you experience unpleasant symptoms after your Friday night pizza? If the answer is yes - you may have celiac disease or an intolerance to gluten.
Although both are a result of a negative reaction to gluten, there are distinct differences - particularly in their severity. While celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder which damages the lining of the small intestine , gluten intolerance refers to a difficulty in digesting foods which contain gluten but no damage is caused to the tissues of the small intestine .
See also: What Causes Celiac Disease?
The difference between celiac disease and gluten intolerance
Celiac disease is an immune reaction to gluten; a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. When gluten is consumed, it triggers a reaction in the immune system that damages the lining of the small intestine - over time, this can prevent the body's ability to absorb nutrients from food.
Common indicators of celiac disease include:
- Weight loss
- Bloating and gas
- Abdominal pain
See also: Celiac Disease Diet: What You Can Eat
Gluten intolerance is essentially an intolerance to gluten. This means, when a person who is gluten intolerant ingests gluten, they will experience short-term bloating and belly pain. In contrast to celiac disease - it’s uncommon for this to cause long-term harm to the body .
Common indicators of gluten intolerance include:
- Stomach pain
- Wind and/or diarrhoea
These typically occur a few hours after consuming gluten.
See also: What Causes a Change In Bowel Movements?
If you’re experiencing unpleasant symptoms after eating products that contain gluten - it’s important to know more. You can do this by taking a trip to your doctor or by taking an at-home Celiac test.
LetsGetChecked’s at-home Celiac Test will be able to identify celiac disease antibodies. Your online results will be available within 5 days and our dedicated medical team will be on hand to answer any questions you may have. The test must be taken following six weeks of a gluten-containing diet to ensure accurate results.